Roberto Bellarmino was born in Montepulciano in , and at the age of 18 entered and became a professor of theological controversies at the Roman College. In Pope Pius XI () beatified Roberto Bellarmino as a saint. Roberto Bellarmino was born into a noble family in Montepulciano in Tuscany. Hujus Temporis Haereticos (Disputations about the Controversies of the Christian biography of Bellarmine is James Broderick, Robert Bellarmine, Saint and. St. Robert Bellarmine, Italian in full San Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino, the Controversies of the Christian Faith Against the Heretics of This Time”).

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The process of canonization was begun in Francis, the bishop of Rome and the leader of the Roman Catholic Church —. The Controversies was the most significant refutation of the theology of the reformers during the Reformation, and long remained Catholicism’s most complete response to the issues raised by Protestantism.

His ethereal looks made him very popular as the “boy preacher”. In Joshua 10, 12, Joshua, the Israelite general, is pursuing an enemy force in retreat. Keep Exploring Britannica Buddha. There he was ordained, and obtained a reputation both as a professor and as a preacher. Modern Language Association http: The 16th century was one of the most difficult in the history of the Church.

Actually, the two men were close friends. He was canonized a saint in and named Doctor of the Churchone of only The result of this was that the “Disputations” became the basic text for all controversies used by Catholic and Protestant leaders alike.

Robert Francis Romulus Bellarmine. Beset by the polemics of Reformation and Counter-Reformation, they did not grasp the limits of scriptural inspiration that were already becoming evident to the xontroversias of the new sciences.

Thus it came to pass that, for following the via media of the indirect power, he was condemned in as too much of a Regalist and bellarmjno as too much of a Papalist. Galileo represented the beginning of cintroversias science; Bellarmine the truth of scripture as literally interpreted.

Upon his return to Rome inBellarmine resumed his responsibility as spiritual director within the Collegio Romano. He engaged in a public debate, a war of books and pamphlets, concerning the divine right of kings with James I of England. Home People History Italian History: Bellarmine served as rector of the Collegio Romano inas provincial of the Neapolitan province of the Jesuits inand papal theologian in From a point of principle for English Catholicsthis debate drew in figures from much of Western Europe.


Bellarmine, Robert

Bellarmine was able, then, to approach Galileo on a very personal basis. It is a series of quotations.

He took part in the preparation of the Clementine edition —92 of the Vulgate. Bellarmine supported the reform decrees of the Council of Trent. Bellarmine wrote the preface to the new Sixto-Clementine Vulgate.

University of Chicago Press, For centuries, all translations of the Bible into the vernacular were bellarmkno from the Vulgate text e. New York All this was too much and Bellarmine suffered a serious breakdown. The difficulty was how to substitute a more correct edition without affixing a stigma to the name of Sixtusand Bellarmine proposed that the new edition should continue in the name of Sixtuswith a prefatory explanation that, on account of aliqua vitia vel typographorum vel aliorum which had crept in, Sixtus had himself resolved that a new impression should be undertaken.

The last five are comtroversias works written during his annual retreats.

St. RObert Bellarmine The Saint

Never the less, he began a new dimension of his priesthood with his usual enthusiasm. Also, any attempt to interpret holy scripture that ignored the commentaries of the Fathers smacked of practices of the reformed churches and violated the Council of Trent. Its greatest leaders undoubtedly were Martin Luther and John Calvin. Cardinals who are full-time members of the Roman Curia, the top administrative bellarmink of the Church, live in apartments in the Vatican itself.

One cntroversias his hymns, on Mary Magdaleneis included in the Roman Breviary. Another characteristic of his spirituality was an all embracing charity.

These are also the quotations used in the stained glass window described above. He was the first pope…. He was brought up at the newly founded Jesuit college in his native town, and entered the Society of Jesus on 20 September,being admitted to his first vows on the following day.


When the decree outlawing Copernicanism was promulgated inGalileo was in Rome. Bellarmine also became involved in controversy with King James I of England. It was at Mondovi that Bellarmine began to preach.

The first volume of the Disputationes treats of the Word of God, of Christ, and of the Pope; the second of the authority of ecumenical councils, and of the Church, whether militant, expectant, or triumphant; the third of the sacraments; and the fourth of Divine grace, free will, justification, and good works. However, so tension filled was the issue that the friends could not resolve it.

He engaged in a public debate, a war of books and pamphlets, concerning the divine right of kings with James I of England. Regrettably, I can’t reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads.

Inat the age of 18, Robert Bellarmine applied controversas admittance to the Society of Jesus. In addition to his significant theological contributions, Bellarmine took a personal interest in the poor, to whom he gave all his funds. This monumental work was the earliest attempt to systematize the various controversies of the time, and made an immense impression throughout Europethe blow it dealt to Protestantism being so acutely felt in Germany and England that special chairs were founded in order to provide replies to rooberto.

Christogram of the Jesuits.

The Galileo Project | Christianity | Robert Cardinal Bellarmine

My email address is webmaster at newadvent. When Galileo later complained of rumours to the effect that he had controversas forced to abjure and do penance, Bellarmine wrote out a certificate denying the rumors, stating that Galileo had merely been notified of the decree and informed that, as a consequence of it, the Copernican doctrine could not be “defended or held”.

The Controversies avoids a polemical approach, presenting a balanced criticism of reform theology, pointing out both its strengths and its weaknesses. It was translated into sixty-two languages.