Tratat de istorie a religiilor has ratings and 17 reviews. „Un fenomen religios nu se va dezvălui ca atare decât considerat în propria sa modalitate. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Mircea Eliade was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at “Introducere”, in Eliade, Tratat de istorie a religiilor: Introducere (“Religious History Treatise” – Patterns in Comparative Religion), Humanitas.
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RennieReconstructing Eliade: Eliade received his PhD inwith a thesis on Yoga practices. Thus, he is said to have “failed to provide an adequate methodology for the history of religions and to establish this discipline as an empirical science”,  though the same critics admit that “the history of religions should not aim at being an empirical science anyway”.
Late in the s, Mihail Sebastian was marginalized by Romania’s antisemitic policies, and came to reflect on his Romanian friend’s association with the far right. Those who see Eliade’s fascination with the primordial as merely reactionary in the ordinary political or religious sense of the word do not understand the mature Eliade in a sufficiently radical way. They displayed his rejection of liberalism and the modernizing goals of the Wallachian revolution perceived as “an abstract apology of Mankind”  and “ape-like imitation of [Western] Europe” as well as for democracy itself accusing it of “managing to crush all attempts at national renaissance”,  and later praising Benito Mussolini ‘s Fascist Italy on the grounds that, according to Eliade, “[in Italy,] he who thinks for himself is promoted to the highest office in the shortest of times”.
From a psychological point of view, one can decipher here the same nostalgia for the ‘primordial’ and the ‘original’. He suggests that the differences between the Nazis’ pseudo-Germanic mythology and Marx’s pseudo-Judaeo-Christian mythology explain their differing success:.
Mircea Eliade – Wikipedia
According to Eliade, Yoga techniques aim at escaping the limitations of the body, allowing the soul atman to rise above maya and reach the Sacred nirvanamoksha. Traditional cultures see suffering and death as a rite of passage.
As modern gnostics, Ellwood argues, the three mythologists felt alienated from the surrounding modern world. To give his own life value, traditional man performs myths and rituals. Because Romantics stress that emotion and imagination have the same dignity as reason, Ellwood argues, they tend to think political truth “is known less by rational considerations than by its capacity to fire the passions” and, therefore, that political truth is “very apt to be found [ According to Eliade, Hindus thus escape the terror of history by refusing rwligiilor see historical time as the true reality.
In particular, Eliade often implies the existence of a universal psychological or spiritual “essence” behind all religious phenomena. Eliade asks rhetorically how modern man can “tolerate the catastrophes and horrors of history—from collective deportations and massacres to atomic bombings isgoria beyond them he can glimpse no sign, no transhistorical meaning”.
Ross, Mircea Eliadeon friesian. No trivia or quizzes yet. Thus, from Eliade’s perspective, the Christ story becomes the perfect myth for modern man. Eliade notes that, in traditional societies, relugiilor represents the absolute truth about primordial time. According to many branches of Hinduism, the world of historical istorai is illusory, and the only absolute reality is the immortal soul or atman within man.
According to Eliade, religious elements survive in secular culture, but in new, rwligiilor forms.
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The diverse religious movements covered by the term “gnosticism” rrligiilor the basic doctrines that the surrounding world is fundamentally evil or inhospitable, that we are trapped in the world through no fault of our religgiilor, and that we can be saved from the world only through secret knowledge gnosis.
In addition, they contain a number of philosophical arguments about religion. Allan himself stands alongside Eliade’s male characters, whose focus is on action, sensation and experience—his chaste contacts with Maitreyi are encouraged by Sen, who hopes for a marriage which is nonetheless abhorred by his would-be European son-in-law.
Eliade was an intensely prolific author of fiction and non-fiction alike, publishing religilor 1, pieces over 60 years. In The Structure of Religious Knowing: Zhivko Apostolov rated it did not like it Aug 07, Behind the diverse cultural forms of different religions, Eliade proposes a universal: Before reaching the Indian subcontinentEliade also made a brief visit to Egypt.
A portion of it dealing with his stay in Romania is believed to have been lost. According to the literary critic Z.
Wendy Doniger noted that Eliade’s theory of the eternal return “has become a truism in the study of religions”. Beginning inhe wrote for the journal Critiqueedited by French philosopher Georges Bataille. By profession, Eliade was a historian of religion.