Ibn Miskawayh, Ahmad ibn Muhammad (c). Like so many of his contemporaries in the fourth and fifth centuries ah (tenth and eleventh centuries ad). Like so many of his contemporaries in the fourth and fifth centuries AH (tenth and eleventh centuries ad) Ibn Miskawayh was eclectic in philosophy, basing his. Ahmad Ibn Muhammad (Ibn) Miskawayh (ca//). A contemporary of Ibn Sina and al-Biruni, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Miskawayh was born in.

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Please note that our editors miiskawayh make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Maybe Miskawayh himself emphasizes this in his looking at philosophy and its divisions, for he sees that it is divided into two parts: The preoccupation which arises from persistence in ugly deeds [31].

It is perhaps the combination in Ibn Miskawayh of elegance of style, practical relevance and philosophical rigour that prolonged his influence in the Islamic world.

The basic responsibility for this falls upon the parents [42].

These pleasures are numerous [44]. Despite this, people differ in receptivity to training as regards eagerness for it, and their share of virtuous morality and fine dispositions [30]. Stupidity and ignorance, caused by failure to investigate and exercise the soul with the teachings spoken by wise men. Painting atelier of the Ottoman Sultan dating from Emphasized the human ability to control will and the necessity for society to perfect human virtue. That is, he did not speak about preparing the boy for work, and his various roles as producer and consumer, one with a profession or craft or labour by which to provide for his future.


So it is not possible to separate the learner’s personality and mis,awayh from the science he learns, and the aim and objective for which he is striving to learn it [11].

The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh

Abu Hamid al-Ghazali may have done just the same, although he does not indicate that he borrowed from anyone. His most notable contributions, however, were in ethics and history.

The version we republish hereafter was edited and revised; we publish it with a slightly different title, new images and captions. The date-palm is therefore considered the highest among the trees and resembles the lowest among animals.

It is difficult to see how Ibn Miskawayh really reconciles metaphysical difficulties at this point. Their characters appear in them from the very earliest stage, and they cannot hide them nor dissimulate as an adult can who has developed to the point where he knows his own defects and so conceals them by carrying out actions which in fact are contrary to his nature.

Then is born the lowest of animals. It evolves into an ape. Sometimes he merely presents aspects of ‘wisdom’ literature from previous cultures; sometimes he provides practical comments upon moral problems that are entirely unanalytical.

Their enemies will be few, many will praise them and seek their friendship, especially the virtuous [32]. For more detail on the life of Miskawayh, see pp.

Ibn Miskawayh, Ahmad ibn Muhammad (c–) – Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Two recent editions of the Arabic text of Miskawayh’s Tahdhib al-akhlaq: Miskawayh repeats in several places that it is for this reason the wise men said that man is civil by nature, meaning that he needs a city, containing many people, for his human happiness to be complete. This counsel extends to not taking pride in his father’s possessions, whether food or clothing or anything else. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.


So he did not consider preparation for earthly life, from the angle of work and acquiring a livelihood, to be among the aims of the upbringing and training of young boys. So Miskawayh held that what the boy has been accustomed to since youth will be of influence when he grows up; hence, he discussed the training of young boys, to which subject he devoted some pages of his book.

If we choose happiness,….

The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh | Muslim Heritage

Miskawayh Abu ‘Ali Ahmad b. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A historian as well as a philosopher, he served as a Buwayhid official at Baghdad, Isfahan and Rayy. For more detail on the special effect of the writings of this period on Islamic civilization, in addition to Adam Metz, see: The boy must not drink during the meal, and must beware of wine and any kinds of intoxicating drinks, for these are miskawahy to both body and soul.